Glutamic acid refers to a non-essential amino acid used by your body to make proteins. It’s closely related to glutamine and important for mental and muscle function and health. Glutamic is found in plant and animal proteins.
What are Glutamic Acid Benefits?
Glutamic acid benefits provide an energy source for the high function of the brain and stimulate thinking readiness. Medical professionals recommend amino acid to aid in behavioral problems.
Helps in making sure a normal prostate function. The prostate constitutes high amounts of glutamic acid.
Aids in decreasing chest pain caused by disease or coronary heart and helps in the heartbeat function.
Glutamic acid plays a vital role in the metabolism of cells, removal of excess nitrogen in the body, and digestion of dietary proteins into amino acid.
Immune system and detoxification
Your body uses glutamic acid to remove toxic wastes made by the metabolism processes. It’s needed in detoxifying ammonia by converting the glutamic acid into glutamine.
Glutamic acid balances the ration of acid and base. It separates the toxic ammonia from the kidney by binding the basic ammonia to the acids before excretion.
Makes the skin supple
Glutamic acid makes the skin supple and firm. Without enough glutamine, your body gets protein from the muscle mass and turns it into glutamine and then energy. As a result, you lose muscle proteins, and your muscle strands become thinner and skin saggy. Some scientist regard glutamine as an internal fountain of youth.
Strengthen your immune system
Glutamic acid can strengthen your immune system by supplying carbon and nitric oxide. It’s an important amino acid for maintaining and building muscles. The amino acid is needed for the nucleotide synthesis.
Reduce fat storage
Glutamine can reduce fat storage by bypassing fat deposition made by insulin. This function helps in body weight regulation. Also, glutamic acid indicates that it can decrease the demand for alcohol and sugar.
Protects the brain against the toxic ammonia
Glutamic acid protects the brain from the toxic effects of ammonia, improves short and long-term memory. Glutamine, a product made from the synthesis of L-glutamine acid, increases the production of GABA or gamma-aminobutyric acid. GABA acts as a natural tranquilizer by slowing down the sodium channels between the nerve cell’s sodium channels. With enough glutamine, you can have more concentration, tranquillity, and calm even in stressful events.
Provides other important benefits
Glutamic acid provides other benefits such as folic acid breakdown, heart health support, and treating hypoglycemic coma ( a complication caused by diabetes treatment).
These benefits are yet to be proven:
- Treat low blood sugar
- Treat people with nerve damage during chemotherapy
- Treat childhood and personality issues
- Treat muscular dystrophy and epilepsy
- Treat cognitive disorders
- Prevent deficiency disease
Glutamic acid can prevent the symptoms from glutamate deficiency such as concentration problems, insomnia, depleted energy, and mental exhaustion.
Glutamic acid food sources:
|Fish||Grass-fed whey protein|
|Soy protein isolate||Spirulina|
|Wheatgrass||Food additives such as Monosodium glutamate or MSG|
What is its usage?
Glutamic acid forms as a white crystalline powder. It’s used as a medicine or a flavoring agent such as in monosodium glutamate. Other medical studies point to the use of amino acids in improving intelligence by reducing the risk of neurodegenerative disease risk and increasing mental clarity. There are some doctors who reported an improvement in the brains of patients who suffer from alcohol-induced neurological conditions.
What about the glutamic acid supplements?
Glutamic acid supplements hardy go beyond the blood and brain barrier because the brain can make its own glutamic acid. Certain supplement makers market glutamine supplements to athletes who have low glutamic acid after heavy training. The supplement is intended to improve athletes’ performance although this isn’t supported by the University of Michigan.
Side effects of Glutamic Acid Excessive Use
Side effects include neurological problems and headaches. People with kidney and liver problems should refrain from using glutamic acid until they talk to a health professional.
Excess use or overdosage of glutamic acid can lead to the nerve overstimulation and add to Lou Gehrig’s disease and epilepsy. Further, it may cause gastric stress due to gastrointestinal irritation. It may also interfere with anti-epileptic medicines.
People who are in these conditions should not take glutamic acid:
- Breastfeeding and pregnant women
- Suffering from maple syrup urine diseases or MSUD
- Suffering from cystinuria or the high levels of cystine in the urine that leads to cystine stone formation in ureter, bladder, and kidneys.
What is the required dosage?
Although there are no current daily requirements for glutamic acid, the safe dose can be from 3 to 30 gram per day. According to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, the safe levels are up to 14 g daily.
Are there any drug interactions?
Glutamic acid may interact with these drugs: amphetamine, benzphetamine, lisdexamfetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine (Gradumet, Desoxyn)
Glutamic Acid and Glutamine: What’s The Difference?
Glutamic acid and glutamine are two different organic chemicals although glutamic acid is a key ingredient in making glutamine. Glutamic acid is an amino acid the forms one of the building blocks of protein. Glutamine is produced from the glutamic acid when a mineral ion attaches to the amino acid.
The Bottom Line
Glutamic acid can benefit your body functions and metabolism because it’s a neurotransmitter. Check the list of drugs that may interfere with your supplements uptake. Eat the right amounts from the natural food sources and consult a physician before taking glutamic supplements.